Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Humanities: Legal Studies - Unit 3/4 - Sanctions

Types of sanctions

Australian Institute of Criminology, Criminal Justice System - information and resources relating to corrections, courts, justice and policing.

Magistrates' Court of Victoria, Criminal and Traffic homepage - information on proceedings, fines and penalties.

Community Correction Order - information from the Sentencing Advisory Council.

Victoria Legal Aid, possible outcomes and sanctions for criminal offences.

Future directions/alternatives

Law Institute Victoria, submission to the attorney general - Review of sentencing options for drug related offending.

Magistrates' Court of Victoria, Criminal Justice Diversion Program - benefits, eligibility.

Effectiveness of sanctions

Sentencing Advisory Council - How does imprisonment combined with a community correction order compare with imprisonment only?

SACStat - Sentencing Advisory Council Statistics Online - databse for statistics imposed in Victorian criminal courts.

Magistrates' Court of Victoria - Sentencing, changes and convictions.

Victorian Sentencing Manual - online guide for practice and policy for sentencing in Victorian courts.

Legal Services Commission of SA, Sentencing - principles, information, options, deterrance and other considerations.

ABC - Prison study shows jail not an effective deterrent.

The conversation - Prison policy is turning Australia into the second nation of captives.

Australian Institute of Criminology - reports, papers and studies on rates of recidivism. 

The Sydney Morning Herald - Call for complete rethink as prison population, recidivism, explodes.

Victorian Ombudsman - Investigation into the rehabilitation and reintroduction of prisoners in Victoria. 

Queensland Parliamentary Library - Limiting prisoner disenfranchisement: the High Court Decision in Roach v Electoral Commissioner.

Lawgovpol - Case study: Vickie Lee Roach

Recent changes

Victorian Sentencing Manual, Legislative amendments summaries - overview of recent legislative changes that impact sentencing law. 

Victorian Sentencing Manual, 2017 - Updates, revisions and revisions.

Sentencing Advisory Council, Key events timeline - reforms and changes to sentencing in Victoria. 

UWSLR - A progressive court and a balancing test: Rowe v Electoral Commissioner [2010]

UWA Law School - Roach v Electorial Commissioner [2007]

Overseas examples

Government of the Netherlands, sentences and other non-punitive orders - alternative sanctions, fines and other sentences.

Centre for Crime and Justice Studies, UK - alternatives to imprisonment in Europe.